Back to Basics, Skin Care

Back to the Basics: The right cleanser for your skin

The first step to healthy skin is choosing the right cleanser for your skin type. Cleansers are the cornerstone of a good skincare regimen as it removes the makeup, impurities, oil buildup, and dead skin cells accumulated throughout the day. It also refreshes the skin and prepares it for any products you will use after the cleanser.

There are so many out there and it can be confusing which one to choose. We will start with determining whether you have dry/normal skin or combination/oily skin. Keep in mind your skin type can change over time. I will go over each skin type and what you should be looking for in a product to maximize the benefits.

Dry Skin:

If you have dry skin your skin will have small pores and/or a matte (dull) finish with no extra shine or oil. Dry skin can become rough and could flake or crack. If you have dry skin you want a gentle, creamier cleanser that won’t over strip the moisture from your skin and will help restore the needed moisture to soften the skin.

Normal Skin:

If you have normal skin it will have a healthy look with a smooth texture. You skin has a natural balance of oil and moisture. It is also not prone to blemishes or clogged pores. If you have normal skin you want a cleanser that maintains the balance.

Combination Skin:

If you have combination skin it will have a healthy look, as well as oiliness in T-zone areas. The “T-zone” goes horizontally across your forehead and vertically down the center of your face over the nose. There can also be signs of dryness across the cheeks and by the hairline. You want a cleanser that won’t over strip the moisture but that will help control the oil prone areas. This skin type can be tricky because if you use a cleanser that is too harsh the skin will over-compensate and produce even more oil to try to gain balance and the dry areas will become even drier. Look for one that specifically states combination skin.

Oily Skin:

If you have oily skin your skin will have a shiny appearance as the oil glands tend to over-produce. Even after cleansing a sticky or greasy feeling can linger for hours. You will also see larger pores and the skin is more prone to breakouts. You want to look for a cleanser that helps control surface oil so your skin feels smooth after cleansing. If you skin feels tight afterwards chances are the cleanser is too harsh and is removing too much of the skin’s natural oil and moisture. You may also want a cleanser with deep cleansing properties to clean pore openings of the buildup.

The next step is proper application. You will want a good lather and to move your fingers in a circular motion outward toward the hairline. Don’t forget to cleanse around the hairline and neck areas. You should wash your face twice a day, once in the morning to remove the toxins from the night and once at night to remove all the impurities and buildup that occurred throughout the day.

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